The first person ever to consider the establishment of an ironworks that would use the hydropower of the Ostravice River and exploit the local resources of black coal was the Scottish metallurgical expert John Baildon at the very beginning of the 19th century. He himself failed to implement his plans but the idea was developed by Franz Xavier Riepl, professor at the Vienna Polytechnic, who managed to convince Rudolph von Hapsburg, the Archbishop of Olomouc and future investor, of the prospective benefits of the project.
Rudolph von Hapsburg, the Archbishop of Olomouc, issues a memorandum in which Riepl and Franz Kleinpetr, manager of the Frýdlant ironworks, are commissioned with the establishment of the new ironworks.
The first puddling furnace at Rudolf’s Foundry in Vítkovice is ignited..
The Vítkovice Ironworks, which subsequently becomes the main supplier of Ferdinand’s Northern Railway, is leased on a long-term basis to the Viennese banker Salomon Mayer Rothschild.
The first steam engines begin to replace hydropower.
Rothschild buys the Vítkovice Ironworks from the archdiocese for 321,000 florins.
The Siemens company (Werner von Siemens) is founded.
The mechanical workshops are redeveloped into an engineering plant and department for the construction of bridges and boilers. The first wheel tyres for wagon wheels are manufactured.
The first bridge structure for the bridge over the Elbe River in Litoměřice is made at Vítkovice.
Paul Kupelwieser is appointed directorgeneral. Among other things, he builds the copper works and the tube rolling mill, introduces the manufacture of armour plating for warships and turns Vítkovice into a city unique not only for its distinctive architecture, but also its advanced social amenities.
The Linde company (Karl von Linde) is founded.
The first central power station is put into operation.
The US Steel company (Andrew Carnegie – J.P. Morgan) is founded.
The Kobe Steel Works (Japan) are founded.
Commencement of the manufacture of high-pressure steel cylinders.
The first gears are made at Vítkovice.
The boiler shop manufactures the Bamag system watersealed gasholders.
The Vítkovice Ironworks are fully electrified.
Vítkovice celebrates its one hundredth anniversary and the Alstom company (France) is founded.
Commencement of the installation of the Mannesmann roller mill in Mariupol (USSR).
Construction of a two-storey, 234-m-long bridge across the Old Dnieper River in Kiev, and a swing bridge over the Milgravis in Riga, both designed at Vítkovice.
Construction of a giant spherical gasholder for the Prague Municipal Gasworks in Libeň.
The Vítkovice Ironworks are hit by the US air raid on Ostrava. The strategic importance of the enterprise for war production is evidenced by the fact that a faithful copy of it was built in the fields near Opava in order to confuse Allied bombers.
The Ministry of Industry issues Decree No. 206, on nationalisation, effective from October 27, 1945.
The Southern Plant is separated from the Vítkovice Ironworks, thus giving rise to the Klement Gottwald New Ironworks (NHKG).
Casting of the first vacuum-cast ingot. Making of the first built-up shaft.
The structure of the Ještěd TV tower and mountain hotel is made at the bridge production plant.
Commencement of the production of water towers.
Completion of the delivery of the century – quarto 3.6 for the USSR.
Completion of a giant homogenisation and unloading facility for the Port of Santana in Brazil.
Delivery of boilers for the Chvaletice and Tušimice power plants. Winning of a contract for an extrusion plant in Riesa.
Making of the first components for nuclear power plants (steam generators and pressurisers).
Delivery of the turbine shafts for the Gabčíkovo hydroelectric project. Completion of the steel structure for the TV transmitter at Prague-Žižkov.
Foundation of the VÍTKOVICE joint-stock company (January 31).
A piping conduit is delivered to Pakistan, with a diameter of 7.9 metres and a length of 500 metres, which is entirely installed inside a rock.
Completion of the first phase of construction of CTR at Nelahozeves, 4 tanks with a capacity of 50,000 m3.
The Marian bridge, built on piles, the steel structure of which, weighing 3,500 t, was made at the Vítkovice bridge production plant, is naugurated in Ústí nad Labem.
Delivery of a grab ship unloader of bulk materials for Sollac in Saint Louis de Rhone, with a weight of 1,040 t, height of 65.5 metres and an
eighty-metre-long jib at the level of 37.5 m.
The company seals a contract for the delivery of three largecapacity oil tanks, with a total volume of 375,000 m³, for the Nelahozeves facility.
LAHVÁRNA OSTRAVA acquires a majority ownership interest in VÍTKOVICE, a.s., changing its name to VÍTKOVICE HOLDING, a.s. the next year.
Completion of the delivery of the roof for the Olympic stadium in Berlin. Delivery of 600 steel shafts for wind power plants in Denmark.
Delivery of new boiler equipment for the refurbished Prunéřov and Tušimice power plants.
Construction of the hangar at the Mošnov Airport, with a unique lifting of a 1,400-t steel roof structure. Manufacture of the ten millionth steel cylinder.
Opening of a new line for the production of steel cylinders by extrusion.
Commissioning of a forge for the third millennium featuring a line of radial fast-forging machines.